Geneticists are trained professionals who closely study genetics and how different traits are inherited not just in people, but also in plants and animals. These specialists have in-depth knowledge and training in the field of biology, and the clinical geneticists often extract the DNA and use different analysis techniques (such as the PCR reaction technique) to closely study it. In a nutshell, geneticists deal with the study of various genetic traits, and they spend most of the time in their laboratory.
Geneticists also write and publish various reports on their findings and they constantly attend professional meetings, either at a national or at an international level. That being said, the salary of a geneticist can vary anywhere between $79,000 and as much as $280,000 a year, and they can be entitled to compensation as well. The salaries from the public sector tend to be lower than those from the private sector, especially for clinical geneticists.
Pay Scale In Different Parts Of The United States of America
The US state that pays the highest median yearly salary to geneticists is certainly the District of Columbia, which rewards its professionals with around $104,000 a year, on average. After the District of Columbia, the second highest paying state is Maryland, which offers them around $91,000 a year, followed by the state of Virginia with $86,000 and the state of New Jersey, with just under $80,000. After these ones, there are the states of Illinois, North Carolina as well as Iowa, all of which pay their geneticists median yearly wages above $73,000.
Geneticist Job Description
Simply put, the geneticist is the skilled and trained specialist who closely studies genes and how they affect people. They can choose to specialize in a plethora of different subspecialties of genetics, but most of them choose to study heredity and the hereditary transmission of genes. These specialists can work in a variety of different settings, and they can choose to specialize in research conducted in laboratory, they can become teachers and work in the academic field or they can choose to specialize in the medical industry.
Generally speaking, it is the duty of the geneticist to closely study different genes and to provide information and support to those who suffer from different genetic disorders. Part of the geneticist’s responsibilities include educating and advocating for the patients.
As mentioned above, there are several different subspecialties in which one can specialize, and most of these physicians choose to become clinical geneticists. Their main responsibility is to closely analyze and evaluate the risks of each patient for different inherited diseases, including hemophilia and Alzheimer’s disease. Moreover, it is also the duty of the geneticist to assess the risk of the patient for certain types of cancer that can be transmitted through genes.
In addition to the duties and responsibilities mentioned above, geneticists also collect and analyze DNA samples, they supervise the work of different lab technicians and they also conduct different administrative tasks, such as collecting and managing documents and patient records. Clinical geneticists, however, also work closely with different genetic counselors in order to provide patients with the best services.
Generally speaking, the duties of geneticists vary greatly depending on the chosen subspecialty. They can opt to specialize in molecular genetics, agricultural genetics, developmental or biomedical genetics and so forth. They typically deal with analyzing the variation and inheritance of different characteristics in certain life forms, and they also plan and conduct experiments to determine how the transmission of inherited traits took place. Geneticists commonly use heat, light and chemicals to alter the genetic traits and to study them in-depth, and most of them also provide counseling services in fields like medical genetics or human genetic counseling.
How To Become A Geneticist?
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If you have a strong passion for genetics, biology and medicine, then becoming a geneticist can truly be the best choice. It is also important to have an inclination towards mathematics, and a strong desire to conduct experiments using high-end medical equipment. Generally speaking, the first step one needs to take towards pursuing a lucrative career as a geneticist (regardless of the subfield in which you plan to specialize) is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in either biology or any other program that is closely related to genetics. This should be enough to get you an entry-level research job, if you plan to become either a laboratory assistant or a technician.
However, if you plan to make the best out of your future career as a geneticist, then it is highly recommended to pursue a higher, graduate degree in the field of Genetics. Most of today’s geneticists own a doctoral degree in genetics as well, in addition to the Master’s Degree. The educational requirements vary slightly, depending on what you plan to do in the near future. For instance, if you plan to work as a clinical geneticist, then in addition to the educational requirements mentioned above, you will also need to pass the medical licensing exam in order to practice in the United States of America.
The certification plays a crucial role for every geneticist, and the ABMG (acronym for the American Board of Medical Genetics) provides a variety of different certifications in various fields of genetics, from biomechanical and molecular genetics to cytogenetics. In addition to this, those who want to specialize furthermore can also opt for an additional certification in molecular genetic pathology or any other subspecialty in this field.
The eligibility requirements for getting a certification varies depending on the position you plan to fill in the future, but generally speaking you need to have in-depth knowledge of the application of different biomechanical techniques, basic biochemistry and genetics. Also, you need to be familiar with the different quality assessment procedures and you also need to have a doctoral degree in the field.
Geneticist Salary In Canada, Australia And The United Kingdom
A geneticist who works in Canada should expect a median yearly wage of $C58,000, while one who works in the United Kingdom should expect to be paid anything between 26,000 and 32,000 pounds a year. A genetics specialist from Australia can earn between Au$45,000 and Au$100,000 a year.
Verdict On Geneticist Salary
To conclude, the salary of a geneticist is very rewarding, as this is one of the most captivating and well-paid fields of genetics.